Joint Dislocation

Dislocation of a joint occurs when the end of the bone that is attached to the joint shifts from its original position, and this can happen in almost any joint of the body. This type of injury can cause intense pain and other symptoms such as swelling, bruising, and a crooked appearance of the joint. Additionally, you may experience difficulty moving the affected joint.

Types of dislocation:

A person can dislocate nearly any joint in the body, including the:

  • Shoulders
  • Knees
  • Jaw
  • Fingers and toes
  • Ankles
  • Hips
  • Elbows

When the end of the bone connected to a joint is forced out of its normal position, it is referred to as a dislocation. This can be caused by a variety of factors, such as an injury, a fall, or being struck by something. Individuals who have weak muscles due to other medical conditions or health problems are at greater risk of experiencing a joint dislocation. Although some individuals with very flexible ligaments may be able to dislocate and relocate a joint themselves, this can be extremely risky. In severe cases, a joint dislocation can result in lasting nerve damage to the affected limb. Swelling or bruising, severe pain, crooked appearance of the joint, and limited mobility are some of the symptoms that can occur as a result of joint dislocations.


The treatment for joint dislocation depends on the severity of the injury and the joint affected. In some cases, a doctor can simply manipulate the bones back into place, which is called a closed reduction. Other times, surgery may be necessary to repair any damage and stabilize the joint.

After the joint is back in place, the doctor may recommend rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to reduce swelling and pain. Pain medication and physical therapy may also be recommended to help manage pain and restore function to the affected joint.

In severe cases or cases where there is nerve or blood vessel damage, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor the injury and provide appropriate treatment. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible to prevent long-term damage and complications.