Ortho Fractures

Orthopaedic fractures are injuries that occur when bones in the body are broken or cracked. A fracture refers to a bone that is either partially or completely broken, often resulting from trauma such as a fall, motor vehicle accident, or sports injury. In elderly individuals, thinning of bones due to osteoporosis can lead to increased susceptibility to fractures. Athletes may also experience stress fractures as a result of overuse injuries. The treatment for a fracture depends on the severity of the injury, the location of the fracture, and the age and overall health of the patient.

Symptoms of a fracture depend on the location and severity of the injury and may include pain and swelling at the site of the fracture, difficulty moving or using the affected body part, deformity or misalignment of the bone, bruising or discoloration around the injury site, tenderness or sensitivity to touch, numbness or tingling in the affected area, and difficulty bearing weight on the affected limb. Seeking medical attention promptly if you suspect you have a fracture is important to prevent complications and promote healing.

Types of fractures include:

  • Simple fractures: In which the fractured pieces of bone are well aligned and stable.
  • Unstable fractures: Are those in which fragments of the broken bone are misaligned and displaced.
  • Open (compound) fractures: Are severe fractures in which the broken bones cut through the skin. This type of fracture is more prone to infection and requires immediate medical attention.
  • Greenstick fractures: This is a unique fracture in children that involves bending of one side of the bone without any break in the bone.


The treatment options for fractures depend on several factors, such as the severity and location of the injury, the patient’s age and health status, and the presence of any other medical conditions. Some common treatment options include:

  • Immobilization: This involves keeping the affected area still and stable with the help of a cast, splint, or brace. This approach helps to support the injured bone and prevent further damage while it heals.
  • Reduction: If the fracture is displaced, doctor may perform a reduction, which involves realigning the bone fragments to promote proper healing. In some cases, this may be done manually, while in others, surgery may be required.
  • Surgery: If the fracture is severe or involves multiple bones, surgery may be necessary. Surgery may also be required if the fracture affects a joint, such as the hip or knee.
  • Rehabilitation: After the bone has healed, rehabilitation may be necessary to restore strength and range of motion to the affected area. This may involve physical therapy, exercises, and other treatments.
  • Pain management: Pain medications, ice packs, and other therapies may be used to manage pain and swelling associated with the fracture.
  • Bone-stimulating therapies: In some cases, doctors may recommend bone-stimulating therapies, such as ultrasound or electrical stimulation, to promote faster healing and reduce the risk of complications.

It’s important to note that treatment for a fracture should always be individualized based on the patient’s unique needs and circumstances. It’s best to consult with your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.